Nuklear example

Nuklear is a library for creating immediate mode user interfaces. The library does not have any dependencies C89 only! Only hardcore! But also does not know how to create operating system windows or perform real rendering.

Nuklear is an embedded library that provides user-friendly interfaces for rendering by implemented application. The parent of the concept was the ImGUI library.

Is Nuklear something specific? It has a small size about 15 thousand lines of codeis fully contained in one header file, was created with an emphasis on portability and ease of use. Public Domain license. Usually, the result is a console application, which no one can really use except me. Can a simple GUI make these utilities more convenient? The requirements to the result: Small size, up to hundreds of kilobytes.

Cross-platform, to begin with, at least Windows and Linux. No dependency on external libraries in Windows, everything should be in one EXE file. Ease of development, the ability to develop in Windows and Linux. Will Nuklear succeed? Ease of development, cross-platform There should not exist any problems with the simplicity of development, should there? After all, the library was created with a focus on the simplicity.

You can find simple example directly in Readme on GitHub. Absolutely clear and concise 20 lines of code give a beautiful and clear result.

Most graphics libraries try to provide a portable interface for the application developer - so your sdl or gl code can be highly portable.Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant. Nuclear power can be obtained from nuclear fissionnuclear decay and nuclear fusion reactions.

Nuclear weapon

Presently, the vast majority of electricity from nuclear power is produced by nuclear fission of uranium and plutonium. Nuclear decay processes are used in niche applications such as radioisotope thermoelectric generators.

Generating electricity from fusion power remains at the focus of international research. This article mostly deals with nuclear fission power for electricity generation.

There are also 56 nuclear power reactors under construction and reactors planned, with a combined capacity of 60 GW and GW, respectively. Nuclear power has one of the lowest levels of fatalities per unit of energy generated compared to other energy sources.

Coal, petroleum, natural gas and hydroelectricity each have caused more fatalities per unit of energy due to air pollution and accidents.

There have also been some nuclear submarine accidents. There is a debate about nuclear power. Proponents, such as the World Nuclear Association and Environmentalists for Nuclear Energycontend that nuclear power is a safe, sustainable energy source see also Nuclear power proposed as renewable energy that reduces carbon emissions.

Nuclear power opponentssuch as Greenpeace and NIRScontend that nuclear power poses many threats to people and the environment. Collaboration on research and development towards greater efficiency, safety and recycling of spent fuel in future generation IV reactors presently includes Euratom and the co-operation of more than 10 permanent member countries globally. In physicist Ernest Rutherford discovered that when lithium atoms were "split" by protons from a proton accelerator, immense amounts of energy were released in accordance with the principle of mass—energy equivalence.

However, he and other nuclear physics pioneers Niels Bohr and Albert Einstein believed harnessing the power of the atom for practical purposes anytime in the near future was unlikely. The same year, his doctoral student James Chadwick discovered the neutron[12] which was immediately recognized as a potential tool for nuclear experimentation because of its lack of an electric charge.

Experiments bombarding uranium with neutrons led Fermi to believe he had created a new transuranic elementwhich was dubbed hesperium. InGerman chemists Otto Hahn [15] and Fritz Strassmannalong with Austrian physicist Lise Meitner [16] and Meitner's nephew, Otto Robert Frisch[17] conducted experiments with the products of neutron-bombarded uranium, as a means of further investigating Fermi's claims.

They determined that the relatively tiny neutron split the nucleus of the massive uranium atoms into two roughly equal pieces, contradicting Fermi. It led to the building of larger single-purpose production reactorssuch as the X Pilefor the production of weapons-grade plutonium for use in the first nuclear weapons.

The United States tested the first nuclear weapon in Julythe Trinity testwith the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki taking place one month later. In Augustthe first widely distributed account of nuclear energy, the pocketbook The Atomic Agewas released. It discussed the peaceful future uses of nuclear energy and depicted a future where fossil fuels would go unused. Nobel laureate Glenn Seaborgwho later chaired the United States Atomic Energy Commissionis quoted as saying "there will be nuclear powered earth-to-moon shuttles, nuclear powered artificial hearts, plutonium heated swimming pools for SCUBA divers, and much more".

In the same month, with the end of the war, Seaborg and others would file hundreds of initially classified patents[19] most notably Eugene Wigner and Alvin Weinberg 's Patent 2, on a conceptual light water reactor LWR that would later become the United States' primary reactor for naval propulsion and later take up the greatest share of the commercial fission-electric landscape.

The United Kingdom, Canada, [25] and the USSR proceeded to research and develop nuclear energy over the course of the late s and early s.Nuclear weapondevice designed to release energy in an explosive manner as a result of nuclear fissionnuclear fusionor a combination of the two processes. Fission weapons are commonly referred to as atomic bombs. Fusion weapons are also referred to as thermonuclear bombs or, more commonly, hydrogen bombs; they are usually defined as nuclear weapons in which at least a portion of the energy is released by nuclear fusion.

Nuclear weapons produce enormous explosive energy. Their significance may best be appreciated by the coining of the words kiloton 1, tons and megaton 1, tons to describe their blast energy in equivalent weights of the conventional chemical explosive TNT.

For example, the atomic bomb dropped on HiroshimaJapanincontaining only about 64 kg pounds of highly enriched uraniumreleased energy equaling about 15 kilotons of chemical explosive.

That blast immediately produced a strong shock waveenormous amounts of heat, and lethal ionizing radiation. Convection currents created by the explosion drew dust and other debris into the air, creating the mushroom-shaped cloud that has since become the virtual signature of a nuclear explosion.

In addition, radioactive debris was carried by winds high into the atmosphere, later to settle to Earth as radioactive fallout. The enormous toll in destruction, death, injury, and sickness produced by the explosions at Hiroshima and, three days later, at Nagasaki was on a scale never before produced by any single weapon.

In the decades sinceeven as many countries have developed nuclear weapons of far greater strength than those used against the Japanese cities, concerns about the dreadful effects of such weapons have driven governments to negotiate arms control agreements such as the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty of and the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons of Among military strategists and planners, the very presence of these weapons of unparalleled destructive power has created a distinct disciplinewith its own internal logic and set of doctrines, known as nuclear strategy.

The first nuclear weapons were bombs delivered by aircraft. Later, warheads were developed for strategic ballistic missiles, which have become by far the most important nuclear weapons. Smaller tactical nuclear weapons have also been developed, including ones for artillery projectiles, land minesantisubmarine depth chargestorpedoesand shorter-range ballistic and cruise missiles.

By far the greatest force driving the development of nuclear weapons after World War II though not by any means the only force was the Cold War confrontation that pitted the United States and its allies against the Soviet Union and its satellite states.

During this period, which lasted roughly from tothe American stockpile of nuclear weapons reached its peak inwith more than 32, warheads of 30 different types.

During the s, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, many types of tactical and strategic weapons were retired and dismantled to comply with arms control negotiations, such as the Strategic Arms Reduction Talksor as unilateral initiatives.

nuklear example

By the United States had approximately 9, warheads of nine types, including two types of bombs, three types for intercontinental ballistic missiles ICBMstwo types for submarine-launched ballistic missiles SLBMsand two types for cruise missiles. Some types existed in several modifications. Of these 9, warheads, an estimated 2, were operational that is, mated to a delivery system such as a missile ; the rest were either spares held in reserve or retired warheads scheduled to be dismantled.

Of the 2, operational warheads, approximately 1, were deployed on strategic long-range delivery systems, and some were deployed on nonstrategic short-range systems. Of the nonstrategic warheads in the U. The Soviet nuclear stockpile reached its peak of about 33, operational warheads inwith an additional 10, previously deployed warheads that had been retired but had not been taken apart.

After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Russia accelerated its warhead dismantlement program, but the status of many of the 12, warheads estimated to remain in its stockpile in was unclear. Given limited Russian resources and lack of legitimate military missions, only about 4, of these 12, warheads were serviceable and maintained enough to be deployed.

Of the 4, operational warheads, some 2, were deployed on strategic systems and some 2, on nonstrategic systems. Beginning in the s, the arsenals of the United KingdomFranceand China also underwent significant change and consolidation. Britain eliminated its land-based army, tactical naval, and air nuclear missions, so that its arsenal, which contained some warheads in the s, had just warheads in Of these, fewer than were operational, all on its ballistic missile submarine fleet.The following page lists all nuclear power stations that are larger than 1, MW in current net capacity.

Those power stations that are smaller than 1, MWand those that are only at a planning or proposal stage, may be found in regional lists at the end of the page or in the list of nuclear reactors.

This table lists all currently operational power stations with current net capacity over 1, MW. Some of these may have reactors under construction, but only current net capacity is listed.

Capacity of permanently shut-down reactors is not included, but capacity of long-term shut-down reactors today mainly in Japan is included.

Power stations with past net capacity over 1, MW and current net capacity under 1, MW are listed in third table. This table lists stations under construction or operational stations with under-construction reactors and current net capacity under 1, MW.

Planned connection column indicate connection of first reactor, not thus whole capacity. This table lists stations that are permanently shut down and had net capacity over 1, MW. Stations with both operational and permanently shut-down reactors and current capacity under 1, MW but in the past over 1, MW are also listed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Power Plants Around The World.

Archived from the original on 18 February Retrieved 28 February Bruce Power. Retrieved 30 November Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 15 July Global Energy Observatory. Archived from the original on 28 February Archived from the original on Retrieved Lists of nuclear power stations. Lists of power stations. Coal Fuel oil Natural gas Nuclear Oil shale.

List of nuclear power stations

Largest power stations Largest hydroelectric stations Least carbon-efficient stations. Categories : Nuclear power stations Lists of power stations Nuclear technology-related lists. Hidden categories: Webarchive template archiveis links Lists of coordinates Geographic coordinate lists Articles with Geo. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap. United States. Beaver Valley. Browns Ferry. Calvert Cliffs. Comanche Peak. Donald C. Czech Republic.What does "prioritize visible content" mean in Google PageSpeed Insights? Find out what it is and how to fix it. Sometimes this error message shows up and you just don't know what to do.

Find out what it means and how to fix it. They show quite impressive demos on their Github page, but when it came to using the library I found that I could not do anything that was not shown in demo code because most of the functions are not properly documented.

Seven examples of nuclear technology improving food and agriculture

The only information we have about them is the name of the function and the data type of the function's parameters. After a whole lot of experimentation and digging through the source code I have gotten a good enough understanding of Nuklear to make practical use of it. In order to save people from having to go through the trouble I did, I am creating this guide. The following guide is written for the LWJGL binding of Nuklear in Java, some of the function parameter counts may differ from the C version, but a lot of the information in here should still be useful even for other languages.

Atomic Bomb Test

The Nuklear library has hundreds of functions, so please forgive me for not documenting everything. I am trying to document enough of it for almost all practical uses. If something is unclear or incorrect, please send me an e-mail. For the course of this document, I will be using the property context to refer to the NkContext object used in all Nuklear functions.

I will update this guide with more widgets, details and corrections when I get the time. Keep track of it here. This is necessary but not the focus of this document, so please skip this section if you're able to set up a Nuklear context without help.

You can copy the code for the setup from the LWJGL demoI am just giving a brief explanation here for each section of that code. Nuklear is built to be completely platform independent, so it does not actually do any of the work of listening for mouse and keyboard events or drawing to the screen, instead you have to involve other libraries to do that work. For this reason the setup is a bit tedious. For this guide, these libraries will no longer be used after setup is complete, so you do not need to know much about them, but I highly recommend getting familiar with OpenGL since you probably will be using it in other places.

I am basically copying it as is and adding a few comments for your understanding. If you can get that demo running then you can skip over this section. For convenience, we should import Nuklear and other C functions statically as in the following example.

The following code initializes OpenGL and sets up debug messages. Everything after the first line is optional, you don't necessarily need to turn on debugging for OpenGL. The following code is the definition of the setupWindow method that was just used.

The bulk of the method is mapping GLFW mouse and keyboard inputs to Nuklear mouse and keyboard inputs. The above function makes a call to setupContext. This method is what binds Nuklear to OpenGL for rendering:. The following section creates the font that Nuklear will be using. The final section of the code is your program loop, all of your main software logic is handled in here.

The above code uses a method called render. It goes through all of the drawing commands generated by Nuklear and sends them to OpenGL. The code for the render method is as follows:.GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again.

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nuklear example

If nothing happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again. Any activity in this issue tracker, any pull requests, etc. This is a minimal state immediate mode graphical user interface toolkit written in ANSI C and licensed under public domain. It was designed as a simple embeddable user interface for application and does not have any dependencies, a default render backend or OS window and input handling but instead provides a very modular library approach by using simple input state for input and draw commands describing primitive shapes as output.

So instead of providing a layered library that tries to abstract over a number of platform and render backends it only focuses on the actual UI. This library is self contained in one single header file and can be used either in header only mode or in implementation mode. The header only mode is used by default when included and allows including this header in other headers and does not contain the actual implementation.

This is very important not doing it either leads to compiler errors or even worse stack corruptions. There are a number of nuklear bindings for different languges created by other authors. I cannot atest for their quality since I am not necessarily proficient in either of these languages.

nuklear example

Furthermore there are no guarantee that all bindings will always be kept up to date:. Big thank you to Omar Cornut ocornut github for his imgui library and giving me the inspiration for this library, Casey Muratori for handmade hero and his original immediate mode graphical user interface idea and Sean Barrett for his amazing single header libraries which restored my faith in libraries and brought me to create some of my own.

Finally Apoorva Joshi for his singe-header file packer. Skip to content. This repository has been archived by the owner.

NuKlear Atomic Cleanser

It is now read-only. Dismiss Join GitHub today GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together.

Sign up. C Other. Branch: master. Find file. Sign in Sign up. Go back. Launching Xcode If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. Latest commit. Latest commit 6b9f Dec 1, You signed in with another tab or window. Reload to refresh your session. You signed out in another tab or window. Sep 20, Update nuklear. Oct 1, Release Version 1. Apr 14, Apr 19, Ignore binary files on linux.They vary from L1 to L5 with "L5" being the highest.

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This is a minimal state immediate mode graphical user interface toolkit written in ANSI C and licensed under public domain. It was designed as a simple embeddable user interface for application and does not have any dependencies, a default render backend or OS window and input handling but instead provides a very modular library approach by using simple input state for input and draw commands describing primitive shapes as output.

So instead of providing a layered library that tries to abstract over a number of platform and render backends it only focuses on the actual UI. This library is self contained in one single header file and can be used either in header only mode or in implementation mode. The header only mode is used by default when included and allows including this header in other headers and does not contain the actual implementation.

This is very important not doing it either leads to compiler errors or even worse stack corruptions. There are a number of nuklear bindings for different languges created by other authors. I cannot atest for their quality since I am not necessarily proficient in either of these languages. Furthermore there are no guarantee that all bindings will always be kept up to date:. Big thank you to Omar Cornut ocornut github for his imgui library and giving me the inspiration for this library, Casey Muratori for handmade hero and his original immediate mode graphical user interface idea and Sean Barrett for his amazing single header libraries which restored my faith in libraries and brought me to create some of my own.

Finally Apoorva Joshi for his singe-header file packer. Newsletter Submit Categories Login. Suggest Changes. Popularity 9. Activity 6. Stars 13, Watchers Forks 1, Last Commit 5 months ago. Programming language : C. Tags : GUI. Duilib 8. Stacer 8. NanoGUI 8.

GacUI 7. Yue 7. Sciter 7. MyGUI 5.


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